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    Rushdie, History, and Joking Seriously

    Rushdie and Bombay If Salman Rushdie had not lived in Bombay in his early years, Midnight’s Children would probably be different. Bombay is a city that throws you into a local and a global culture simultaneously. It teaches you to be less critical, perhaps; to turn everything into a joke. If you are creative, Bombay helps you to anchor your imagination in the wild seas. Bombay has nature as well as the civility or criminality of the metropolitan town. The British have left an impact on Bombay no doubt but the Indian (the Hindu, the Parsee, and the Muslim) culture is deeply entrenched. This town allows newer ideas, fashions, and…

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    Literary Fiction

    Literary Fiction is becoming vitally significant in these times. That is so because it does not merely tell the story well but takes you into another’s experience of life; their joy and suffering. And it reflects life almost as truthfully as a mirror, often showing it rather than merely stating things about it. In Corona times the world is changing because of the onslaughts on various economies. People are troubled not only physically but socially, emotionally, psychologically and economically. This can create tremendous though unseen health problems that may come in surreptitiously and take their toll. There has never been such a demanding time in human memory. What can be…

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    The Imprisonment of Virtual Reality

    In the imprisonment of virtual reality are clear signs That should scare humanity. There are huge chasms Which show pettiness, sticking to the past with horizontal gravity. How are the post-colonized different from the post-colonizers? The colonized have been cut to size and compelled Not to be repelled by the white skin As their Other can be by skins of darker colour. The colonized have been cut to size to accept Philosophies and perceptions generated by the West, Knowing full well that they’re not always the best, but Still deserve attention; human thought deserves respect. The colonizer tries to wall himself in with a prejudice wall He calls tradition, culture…

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    Deconstruction

    Deconstruction is a major part of Post-structuralism. It comes as a logical questioning of certain claims of Structuralism. Deconstruction (French: déconstruction) is a form of philosophical and literary analysis derived principally from Jacques Derrida’s 1967 work Of Grammatology. In the 1980s it designated more loosely a range of theoretical enterprises in diverse areas of the humanities and social sciences, including—in addition to philosophy and literature—law, anthropology, historiography, linguistics, sociolinguistics, psychoanalysis, political theory, feminism, and gay and lesbian studies. Deconstruction should be seen as a reading strategy, a strategy that slows down the reading process instead of allowing the mind to mistake signs for meaning. A central premise of deconstruction is…

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    The Childhood of Aftab/Anjum/Anjuman

    MA Sem. 4 Gender Studies The Childhood of Aftab/Anju/Anjuman Literature reflects society better than anything else and therefore contains the best discourse on society as it actually is. The marginalized and weaker sections of society are especially shown by fiction writers and dramatists, making readers aware of aspects little-noticed otherwise. Literary discourse has largely been responsible for changes in people’s perception and treatment of women. There have been several novels through which injustice to weaker sections in society has been demonstrated.             Arundhati Roy’s Ministry of Utmost Happiness is a unique text not only because of its stunning literariness but because of Roy’s sensitivity in the creation of a character…

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    Point of View

    Point of View Every Story has a Moral A story that we tell is told from a certain point of view which means a certain viewing point, a particular attitude or way of considering a matter. Every story has a moral because it is written or told from a certain point of view. If another person told the same story it would have another moral or point of view. Stories never tell the truth because they contain a particular person’s point of view; a point of view that can be biased. Plato, therefore, considered a poet to be a liar and untrustworthy. Making Shifts in the Point of View It…

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    Types of Criticism

    * Moral Criticism, Dramatic Construction (~360 BC-present) * Formalism, New Criticism, Neo-Aristotelian Criticism (1930s-present) * Psychoanalytic Criticism, Jungian Criticism(1930s-present) * Marxist Criticism (1930s-present) * Reader-Response Criticism (1960s-present) * Structuralism/Semiotics (1920s-present) * Post-Structuralism/Deconstruction (1966-present) * New Historicism/Cultural Studies (1980s-present) * Post-Colonial Criticism (1990s-present) * Feminist Criticism (1960s-present) * Gender/Queer Studies (1970s-present) Sociological criticism: Like historical criticism, sociological criticism examines literature in the cultural, economic, and political context in which it is written or received. This type of criticism may analyze the social content of a literary work—the cultural, economic, or political values a particular text implicitly or explicitly expresses. Reader-response criticism: This type of criticism attempts to describe what happens in…

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    I Age

    I age. The world seems not to fit on to a page. Each of life’s phases makes it a different drama stage; With different exits and entries that enrage. But life’s not solid, It flows into various shapes and moulds, Nothing is serious, nothing long-lasting – A blend of serious seeming stuff with comic endings. Life’s best for fiction. Stories grip for a while and then Fadeaway into forgotten-land. Fortunate are those That translate themselves into fiction, with success. For then at least some small part of them gets told And growing old is then not just an operation table.

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    A Great Book Proposal

    Writing a Great Book Proposal Book proposals are needed for nonfiction. After your book idea has settled firmly in your mind and after you’ve got down to the basics; the structure, the chapters, the genre or category of books it will compete with, and when you’ve written three or more chapters, you may want to approach an agent or publisher so that you know whether you are on firm ground or not. This is the time to write a great book proposal. A book proposal needs to tell the agent or publisher where all the readers for your unique book-idea can be found. In other words, what kind of market…